The group contributes to the following application oriented research topics of WIAS:

Dynamics of semiconductor lasers

Semiconductor lasers are compact, efficient and reliable light sources playing a crucial role in many modern technological systems. Depending on parameters and on their geometry, laser devices demonstrate a variety of complex dynamical regimes. A comprehensive study of the underlying nonlinear processes and bifurcation analysis leads to a better understanding of the observed behavior. This knowledge supports the design of new types of laser devices for specific purposes. [>> more]

Optical pulses in nonlinear media

This application deals with extreme nonlinear optics, and in particular with the propagation of intense ultrashort pulses in optical fibers. The propagation and stability of these pulses are studied by novel numerically effective models, which correctly account for both nonlocal response effects and basic physical constraints. For the latter, it is important to keep the causality principle, leading to the intrinsic Kramers-Kronig relation between dispersion and dissipation. In addition, the correct behavior of the medium response for large frequencies should be reproduced by the model. Furthermore, propagation equations are used to investigate long-living solitary solutions and mutual interactions of extreme few-cycle optical pulses. [>> more]

Quantum models for semiconductors

The relatively large dimensions of semiconductor devices and the complexity of quantum-mechanical models require the consistent modeling of classical and quantum-mechanical descriptions via hybrid models, e.g. by coupling drift-diffusion models to quantum master equations of Lindblad type to describe embedded open quantum systems. Such hybrid models permit the modeling of complex devices such as quantum-dot lasers or single-photon emitters. [>> more]