WIAS Preprint No. 1453, (2009)

Plasma induced pulse breaking in filamentary self-compression


  • Brée, Carsten
  • Demircan, Ayhan
  • Skupin, Stefan
  • Bergé, Luc
  • Steinmeyer, Günter

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 78A60 81V80 35Q55 37K40

2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme

  • 42.65.Tg 42.65.-k 52.38.Hb 42.68.Ay


  • Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations, Optical self-focusing, Ultrashort pulse propagation




A plasma induced temporal break-up in filamentary propagation has recently been identified as one of the key events in the temporal self-compression of femtosecond laser pulses. An analysis of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation coupled to a noninstantaneous plasma response yields a set of stationary states. This analysis clearly indicates that the emergence of double-hump, characteristically asymmetric temporal on-axis intensity profiles in regimes where plasma defocusing saturates the optical collapse caused by Kerr self-focusing is an inherent property of the underlying dynamical model.

Appeared in

  • Laser Physics, 20 (2010) pp. 1107--1113.

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