WIAS Preprint No. 2886, (2021)

Bumps, chimera states, and Turing patterns in systems of coupled active rotators


  • Franović, Igor
  • Omel'chenko, Oleh E.
    ORCID: 0000-0003-0526-1878
  • Wolfrum, Matthias
    ORCID: 0000-0002-4278-2675

2010 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme

  • 89.75.Fb, 05.45.Xt


  • Pattern formation, coupled oscillator systems




Self-organized coherence-incoherence patterns, called chimera states, have first been reported in systems of Kuramoto oscillators. For coupled excitable units, similar patterns where coherent units are at rest, are called bump states. Here, we study bumps in an array of active rotators coupled by non-local attraction and global repulsion. We demonstrate how they can emerge in a supercritical scenario from completely coherent Turing patterns: a single incoherent unit appears in a homoclinic bifurcation, undergoing subsequent transitions to quasiperiodic and chaotic behavior, which eventually transforms into extensive chaos with many incoherent units. We present different types of transitions and explain the formation of coherence-incoherence patterns according to the classical paradigm of short-range activation and long-range inhibition.

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