WIAS Preprint No. 1607, (2011)

Existence, local uniqueness and asymptotic approximation of spike solutions to singularly perturbed elliptic problems


  • Omel'chenko, Oleh
    ORCID: 0000-0003-0526-1878
  • Recke, Lutz

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 35B25 35C20 35J65


  • non-variational problem, interior spike, boundary layer, implicit function theorem




This paper concerns general singularly perturbed second order semilinear elliptic equations on bounded domains $Omega subset R^n$ with nonlinear natural boundary conditions. The equations are not necessarily of variational type. We describe an algorithm to construct sequences of approximate spike solutions, we prove existence and local uniqueness of exact spike solutions close to the approximate ones (using an Implicit Function Theorem type result), and we estimate the distance between the approximate and the exact solutions. Here ''spike solution'' means that there exists a point in $Omega$ such that the solution has a spike-like shape in a vicinity of such point and that the solution is approximately zero away from this point. The spike shape is not radially symmetric in general and may change sign.

Appeared in

  • Hiroshima Math. J., 45 (2015) pp. 35--89.

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