WIAS Preprint No. 1358, (2008)

Evaluation of exact boundary mappings for one-dimensional semi-infinite periodic arrays


  • Ehrhardt, Matthias
  • Sun, Jiguang
  • Zheng, Chunxiong

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 65M99 35B27 35Q60, 35J05


  • periodic arrays, Helmholtz equation, Sommerfeld-to-Sommerfeld mapping, dispersion diagram, Floquet-Bloch theory




Periodic arrays are structures consisting of geometrically identical subdomains, usually called periodic cells. In this paper, by taking the Helmholtz equation as a model, we consider the definition and evaluation of the exact boundary mappings for general one-dimensional semi-infinite periodic arrays for any real wavenumber. The well-posedness of the Helmholtz equation is established via the limiting absorption principle.
An algorithm based on the doubling procedure and extrapolation technique is proposed to derive the exact Sommerfeld-to-Sommerfeld boundary mapping. The advantages of this algorithm are the robustness and simplicity of implementation. But it also suffers from the high computational cost and the resonance wave numbers.
To overcome these shortcomings, we propose another algorithm based on a conjecture about the asymptotic behaviour of limiting absorption principle solutions. The price we have to pay is the resolution of two generalized eigenvalue problems, but still the overall computational cost is significantly reduced.
Numerical evidences show that this algorithm presents theoretically the same results as the first algorithm. Moreover, some quantitative comparisons between these two algorithms are given.

Appeared in

  • Comm. Math. Sci., 7 (2009) pp. 347--364.

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