Assessing the quality of the excess chemical potential flux scheme for degenerate semiconductor device simulation
- Abdel, Dilara
- Farrell, Patricio
- Fuhrmann, Jürgen
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 35Q81 35K57 65N08
- degenerate semiconductors, drift-diffusion equations, finite volume method, flux discretization, Scharfetter--Gummel scheme
The van Roosbroeck system models current flows in (non-)degenerate semiconductor devices. Focusing on the stationary model, we compare the excess chemical potential discretization scheme, a flux approximation which is based on a modification of the drift term in the current densities, with another state-of-the-art Scharfetter-Gummel scheme, namely the diffusion-enhanced scheme. Physically, the diffusion-enhanced scheme can be interpreted as a flux approximation which modifies the thermal voltage. As a reference solution we consider an implicitly defined integral flux, using Blakemore statistics. The integral flux refers to the exact solution of a local two point boundary value problem for the continuous current density and can be interpreted as a generalized Scharfetter-Gummel scheme. All numerical discretization schemes can be used within a Voronoi finite volume method to simulate charge transport in (non-)degenerate semiconductor devices. The investigation includes the analysis of Taylor expansions, a derivation of error estimates and a visualization of errors in local flux approximations to extend previous discussions. Additionally, drift-diffusion simulations of a p-i-n device are performed.