Dynamics of particle settling and resuspension in viscous liquids
- Murisic, Nebojsa
- Pausader, Benoit
- Peschka, Dirk
- Bertozzi, Andrea L.
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 76D08 76T20 76A20
- particles, resuspension, lubrication theory
We derive and study a dynamical model for suspensions of negatively buoyant particles on an incline. Our theoretical model includes the settling/sedimentation due to gravity as well as the resuspension of particles induced by shear-induced migration, leading to disaggregation of the dense sediment layer. Out of the three different regimes observed in the experiments, we focus on the so-called settled case, where the particles settle out of the flow, and two distinct fronts, liquid and particle, form. Using an approach relying on asymptotics, we systematically connect our dynamic model with the previously developed equilibrium theory for particle-laden flows. We show that the resulting transport equations for the liquid and the particles are of hyperbolic type, and study the dilute limit, for which we derive the analytic solution. We also carry out a systematic experimental study of the settled regime, focusing on the motion of the liquid and the particle fronts. Finally, we carry out numerical simulations of our transport equations. We show that the model predictions for small to moderate values of the particle volume fraction and the inclination angle of the solid substrate agree well with the experimental data.
- J. Fluid Mech., 717 (2013) pp. 203--231.