Parameter estimation in time series analysis
- Spokoiny, Vladimir
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 62F10 62J12 62F25 62H12
- Exponential risk bounds, rate function, quasi maximum likelihood autoregression, generalized linear models, quantile regression
The paper offers a novel unified approach to studying the accuracy of parameter estimation for a time series. Important features of the approach are: (1) The underlying model is not assumed to be parametric. (2) The imposed conditions on the model are very mild and can be easily checked in specific applications. (3) The considered time series need not to be ergodic or stationary. The approach is equally applicable to ergodic, unit root and explosive cases. (4) The parameter set can be unbounded and non-compact. (5) No conditions on parameter identifiability are required. (6) The established risk bounds are nonasymptotic and valid for large, moderate and small samples. (7) The results describe confidence and concentration sets rather than the accuracy of point estimation. The whole approach can be viewed as complementary to the classical one based on the asymptotic expansion of the log-likelihood. In particular, it claims a consistency of the considered estimate in a rather general sense, which usually is assumed to be fulfilled in the asymptotic analysis. In standard situations under ergodicity conditions, the usual rate results can be easily obtained as corollaries from the established risk bounds. The approach and the results are illustrated on a number of popular time series models including autoregressive, Generalized Linear time series, ARCH and GARCH models and meadian/quantile regression.