Asymptotic limits and optimal control for the Cahn--Hilliard system with convection and dynamic boundary conditions
- Gilardi, Gianni
- Sprekels, Jürgen
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 35B40 35K61 49J20 49K20 93C20
- Cahn-Hilliard system, convection, asymptotic behavior, optimal control, necessary optimality conditions
In this paper, we study initial-boundary value problems for the Cahn--Hilliard system with convection and nonconvex potential, where dynamic boundary conditions are assumed for both the associated order parameter and the corresponding chemical potential. While recent works addressed the case of viscous Cahn--Hilliard systems, the `pure' nonviscous case is investigated here. In its first part, the paper deals with the asymptotic behavior of the solutions as time approaches infinity. It is shown that the $omega$-limit of any trajectory can be characterized in terms of stationary solutions, provided the initial data are sufficiently smooth. The second part of the paper deals with the optimal control of the system by the fluid velocity. Results concerning existence and first-order necessary optimality conditions are proved. Here, we have to restrict ourselves to the case of everywhere defined smooth potentials. In both parts of the paper, we start from corresponding known results for the viscous case, derive sufficiently strong estimates that are uniform with respect to the (positive) viscosity parameter, and then let the viscosity tend to zero to establish the sought results for the nonviscous case.
- Nonlinear Analysis, 178 (2019), pp. 1--21.