A threshold model for local volatility: Evidence of leverage and mean reversion effects on historical data
- Lejay, Antoine
- Pigato, Paolo
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 62F07 91G08
- Oscillating Brownian motion, leverage effect, realized volatility, mean-reversion, selfexciting threshold autoregressive model, regime-switch
In financial markets, low prices are generally associated with high volatilities and vice-versa, this well known stylized fact usually being referred to as leverage effect. We propose a local volatility model, given by a stochastic differential equation with piecewise constant coefficients, which accounts of leverage and mean-reversion effects in the dynamics of the prices. This model exhibits a regime switch in the dynamics accordingly to a certain threshold. It can be seen as a continuous time version of the Self-Exciting Threshold Autoregressive (SETAR) model. We propose an estimation procedure for the volatility and drift coefficients as well as for the threshold level. Tests are performed on the daily prices of 21 assets. They show empirical evidence for leverage and mean-reversion effects, consistent with the results in the literature.