WIAS Preprint No. 1955, (2014)

Modeling of compressible electrolytes with phase transition



Authors

  • Dreyer, Wolfgang
  • Giesselmann, Jan
  • Kraus, Christiane

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 78A57 80A17 92E20 35C20 35R35 76T10 76T30 35Q30 35Q35 76D45 76N10 76T99 76A02 80A22 82B26 34B15

Keywords

  • Multi-component flow, phase transition, electrochemical reactions, partial balances, entropy principle, asymptotic analysis, sharp interface limit, free boundary problems, Poisson-Boltzmann, Allen-Cahn equation, Navier-Stokes system, Euler system

Abstract

A novel thermodynamically consistent diffuse interface model is derived for compressible electrolytes with phase transitions. The fluid mixtures may consist of N constituents with the phases liquid and vapor, where both phases may coexist. In addition, all constituents may consist of polarizable and magnetizable matter. Our introduced thermodynamically consistent diffuse interface model may be regarded as a generalized model of Allen-Cahn/Navier-Stokes/Poisson type for multi-component flows with phase transitions and electrochemical reactions. For the introduced diffuse interface model, we investigate physically admissible sharp interface limits by matched asymptotic techniques. We consider two scaling regimes, i.e. a non-coupled and a coupled regime, where the coupling takes place between the smallness parameter in the Poisson equation and the width of the interface. We recover in the sharp interface limit a generalized Allen-Cahn/Euler/Poisson system for mixtures with electrochemical reactions in the bulk phases equipped with admissible interfacial conditions. The interfacial conditions satisfy, for instance, a generalized Gibbs-Thomson law and a dynamic Young-Laplace law.

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