WIAS Preprint No. 740, (2002)

Calibration of LIBOR models to caps and swaptions: A way around intrinsic instabilities via parsimonious structures and a collateral market criterion


  • Schoenmakers, John G. M.
    ORCID: 0000-0002-4389-8266

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 60H05 60H10 90A09


  • parsimonious LIBOR models, calibration, stability, correlation structures


We expose an intrinsic stability problem in joint calibration of a LIBOR market model to caps and swaptions by direct least squares calibration. This problem typically encounters if one tries to identify jointly the volatility norm behaviour and the correlation structure of the forward LIBORs. As a remedy we propose collateral incorporation of a 'Market Swaption Formula', a rule-of-thumb formula which practitioners tend to use, in the calibration routine. It is shown by experiments with practical data that with this new calibration procedure and suitably parametrized volatility structures LIBOR model calibration to caps and swaptions is stable. The involved calibration routine is based on standard swaption approximation or its refinements by Hull & White, Jäckel & Rebonato. We deal with the issue of differently settled caps and swaptions by accordingly adapting the swap rate formula and give a respective modification of Jaeckel and Rebonato's refined swaption approximation formula.

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