Relating a rate-independent system and a gradient system for the case of one-homogeneous potentials
- Mielke, Alexander
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 37L05 47H20 47J35 47J40
- Gradient flow energetic solutions, rate-independent system, contraction semigroup, set of stable states, time parametrization
We consider a non-negative and one-homogeneous energy functional $mathcal J$ on a Hilbert space. The paper provides an exact relation between the solutions of the associated gradient-flow equations and the energetic solutions generated via the rate-inpendent system given in terms of the time-dependent functional $mathcal E(t,u)=t mathcal J(u)$ and the norm as a dissipation distance. The relation between the two flows is given via a solution-dependent reparametrization of time that can be guessed from the homogeneities of energy and dissipations in the two equations. We provide several examples including the total-variation flow and show that equivalence of the two systems through a solution dependent reparametrization of the time. Making the relation mathematically rigorous includes a careful analysis of the jumps in energetic solutions which correspond to constant-speed intervals for the solutins of the gradient-flow equation. As a major result we obtain a non-trivial existence and uniqueness result for the energetic rate-independent system.