The research network "Coupled Flow Processes in Energy and Environmental Research" has been established 2008 - 2010 as the result of a successful joint proposal in the framework of the competitive procedure of the Leibniz Association within the "Joint Initiative for Research and Innovation" launched in 2005 by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research.
- Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics, Head (and co-ordinator of the network): Dr. Jürgen Fuhrmann
- Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Head: Dr. Uwe Böhm
- Freie Universität Berlin, Heads: Prof. Dr. Rupert Klein & Prof. Dr. Ralf Kornhuber
- Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Head: Prof. Dr. Eberhard Bänsch
The WIAS researchers of the research network were in the Leibniz group 1 summarized. On the recommendation of Evaluation Commision, the work in the Research Group 3 continued.
Common topics of the network:
- reactive transport of dissolved species
- interaction between free flow and flow in porous media
- exchange processes in multi-phase flows
- free flow: (incompressible) Navier-Stokes equations
- porous media flow: Darcy and Brinkman model
- soil hydrology: (stochastic) Richards equation
- species transport: reaction-diffusion-convection equation
- interface conditions: boundary layer theory, Beavers-Joseph, ...
- flow and transport processes in fuel cells
- estimation of the impact of near-surface hydrological processes on the regional climate
Leibniz group 1The focus of the Leibniz group 1 is on:
- Numerical analysis: Discretization schemes for the Navier-Stokes equation on unstructured grids which preserve qualititive mathematical properties of the continuous model
- Modelling: interface conditions between free flow and porous media flow
- a local maximum principle and
- using appropriate projections of classical flow discretizations like, e.g., FE methods or
- an appropriate direct discretization of the flow equations by edge-based finite volume methods.
Additional challenges for an appropriate modeling of coupled flow processes arise, when porous media flows and flows obeying the Stokes and Navier-Stokes equations occur together in different parts of the underlying domain. Then, appropriate boundary conditions for the transition interface between the porous medium and the free flow region have to be used, e.g., the Beavers-Joseph condition.
Simulation of flow cell experiments in electrochemistry:
The Darcy and Navier-Stokes equations are coupled with a convection-diffuson equation for the species transport by the convective flux.
Electro-convective instability and electro-dialysis:
The Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations are coupled with the Stokes or Navier-Stokes equations by the convective flux and by the momentum transfer from the moving ions onto the fluid particles.
The Leibniz group takes part in the following main application area: