


[Contents]  [Index] 
Collaborator: K.R. Schneider , E.V. Shchetinina
Cooperation with: V.F. Butuzov, N.N. Nefedov (Moscow State University, Russia)
Supported by: DFG: Cooperation Project ``Singulär gestörte Systeme und Stabilitätswechsel'' (Singularly perturbed systems and exchange of stability) of German and Russian scientists in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding between DFG and RFFI
Description:
The problem of delayed exchange of stabilities for a scalar nonautonomous ordinary differential equation has been treated some time ago ([3]). Very recently, the same problem for the scalar singularly perturbed parabolic differential equation
(1) 
has been solved successfully by means of the method of asymptotic lower and upper solutions [2]. This result provides a first proof for the existence of canard solutions for partial differential equations.
Under the assumption that the degenerate equation
g(u,x,t,0) =0
has exactly two roots and intersecting in some smooth curve with the representation t=t_{c} (x), and that for all under consideration, we derive conditions on g and on u^{0} such that the initialboundary value problem to (1)
has for sufficiently small a unique solution satisfying
that is, and are lower and upper bounds for the delay of exchange of stabilities.
The results of the research cooperation between WIAS and the Department of Mathematics of the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University in the field of exchange of stabilities in multiscale systems over the last five years have been represented as a report [1] which will appear as a research monography in Russia and in the USA.
References:
Cooperation with: B. LaniWayda (JustusLiebigUniversität Giessen)
Description: Dynamical systems as mathematical models of reallife processes depend on several parameters which are assumed to be fixed within some time period. The influence of parameters on the behavior of a dynamical system is studied within the framework of bifurcation theory. This project aims to study the influence of some relevant system parameter changing slowly in time (for example, because of an aging process). For ordinary differential equations it is well known that a slowly changing parameter can lead to a special phenomenon known as delayed loss of stability [2]. Such phenomenon manifests in a jumping behavior of some state variables which can imply dramatic consequences (e.g., thermal explosion). The main goal of this project is to describe a similar effect for nonlinear differentialdelay equations of the type
(2) 
For this purpose, we study the linear inhomogeneous equation
(3) 
assuming that the function a takes values in and changes slowly. It is well known that for constant a and h = 0, the zero solution of the linear equation (3) is stable for ,and unstable for . Contrary to the ODE case, the exponential rate of growth or decay is not directly given by a, but has to be estimated. We provide such estimates and derive a variationofconstants formula for the case of nonconstant a and . This formula will be used to express solutions of (2) on successive time intervals I_{i} by solutions of the equation
with constants c_{i} which are values of on I_{i}. We establish estimates that express the phenomenon of delayed loss of stability for differentialdelay equations of type (2). As an example we treat the equation Here, we study the initial value problem with the initial segment identically 1, and estimate the time until the solution is close enough to zero by a method that is not based on linearization. Figure 1 demonstrates this phenomenon numerically.
Complementary to the results on delayed loss of stability, which express similar behavior of delay equations and ordinary differential equations (ODEs), we exhibit a substantial difference between both types of equations. Namely, the additive term h(t) in the equation
inevitably has an influence on the development of all ``components'' of solutions (in terms of expansion into eigenfunctions of the homogeneous equation). Of course, for a linear constant coefficient system of ODEs, the perturbation h can be chosen such that it influences only specific components.References:
Cooperation with: V.A. Sobolev, E.A. Shchepakina (Samara State University, Russia)
Description: Slowfast systems have been considered which can be transformed into the form
(4) 
with , is a small positive parameter, a is a 2dimensional vector function, and B(t) is the matrix
Note that the eigenvalues of the matrix B(t) are , that is, B(0) has purely imaginary eigenvalues, and therefore (4) is a nonhyperbolic slowfast system.The aim of this project is to establish an integral manifold of the form to reduce the order of system (4) under nonhyperbolicity conditions. In the hyperbolic case the existence of such integral manifolds has been known for a long time (see, e.g., [3]).
As a result we derived conditions on Y and Z guaranteeing the existence of a function such that (4) has an integral manifold of the form where h is uniformly bounded, h and a tend to zero as .Moreover, we derived an algorithm to determine the coefficients in the asymptotic representation of the functions and as
The established manifold is of canard type, that is, it is attracting for t<0 and repelling for t>0.
References:
Cooperation with: V.A. Sobolev, E.A. Shchepakina (Samara State University, Russia)
Description:
We consider the problem of thermal explosion in case of an autocatalytic combustion reaction. The goal of the project is to establish the existence of traveling wave solutions of the system
(5) 
where is the temperature, the depth of conversion of the gas mixture, is a small parameter (case of highly exothermic reaction). The existence of a traveling wave , to (5) is equivalent to the existence of a heteroclinic orbit of the system ()
(6) 
connecting two equilibria of the reaction system.
Basing on the fact that the reaction system has
canard solutions separating the slow combustion regime from the
explosive one [2], we prove by applying the geometric theory of singularly
perturbed differential equations the existence of a new type of
traveling wave solutions, the socalled canard traveling waves.


References:



[Contents]  [Index] 