# Leibniz MMS Days 2023 - Abstract

**Freitag, Melina**

*From Models to Data and Back - An Introduction to Data Assimilation Algorithms*

Data assimilation is a method that combines observations (e.g. real world data) of a state of a system with model output for that system in order to improve the estimate of the state of the system. The model is usually represented by discretised time dependent partial differential equations. The data assimilation problem can be formulated as a large scale Bayesian inverse problem. Based on this interpretation we derive the most important variational and sequential data assimilation approaches, in particular three-dimensional and four-dimensional variational data assimilation (3D-Var and 4D-Var), and the Kalman filter. The final part reviews advances and challenges for data assimilation.