Dynamics of Coupled Oscillator Systems - Abstract
Viscoelastically coupled excitable oscillators exhibit an interesting range of synchronization patterns due to the interplay of autonomous oscillation and refractory period following an excitation. The viscoelastic coupling effectively introduces a delay to the coupling of such oscillators. As an example of this class of coupled oscillators we study individually beating spatially separated cardiomyocytes surrounded by an extra-cellular matrix via numerical simulations. We investigate the synchronization of a linear chain of two or more coupled cells. Depending on the viscoelastic properties of the coupling different synchronization patterns (asynchrony, in- or anti-phase, 1:1, n:n) occur.