WIAS Preprint No. 2189, (2015)

A review of variational multiscale methods for the simulation of turbulent incompressible flows


  • Ahmed, Naveed
    ORCID: 0000-0002-9322-0373
  • Rebollo, Tomás Chacón
  • John, Volker
    ORCID: 0000-0002-2711-4409
  • Rubino, Samuele

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 65M60 76F65


  • ncompressible Navier--Stockes equations, turbulent flows, variational multiscale methods (VMS), finite element methods, numerical Analysis


Various realizations of variational multiscale (VMS) methods for simulating turbulent incompressible flows have been proposed in the past fifteen years. All of these realizations obey the basic principles of VMS methods: They are based on the variational formulation of the incompressible Navier--Stokes equations and the scale separation is defined by projections. However, apart from these common basic features, the various VMS methods look quite different. In this review, the derivation of the different VMS methods is presented in some detail and their relation among each other and also to other discretizations is discussed. Another emphasis consists in giving an overview about known results from the numerical analysis of the VMS methods. A few results are presented in detail to highlight the used mathematical tools. Furthermore, the literature presenting numerical studies with the VMS methods is surveyed and the obtained results are summarized.

Appeared in

  • Arch. Comput. Methods Eng., 24 (2017) pp. 115--164.

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